Your Confucius Kong Family Qufu stock images are ready. Chinese : variant of Gong 1. Confucius is de beroemde Chinese filosoof, politicus en geleerde van de 6e/5e eeuw voor Christus. His mother was said to have been a concubine who left to avoid the mistreatment from the wife. Located 1,100 meters to the north of Qufu City, the Cemetery of Confucius covers an area of 183 hectares. It isn't exactly clear when Confucius was born, but it was sometime around the end of the Spring and Autumn Period. The Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu have maintained their artistic and historic character. In 1055, Emperor Zhenzong of Song first bestowed the title of "Duke Ya… Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The cemetery contains Confucius' tomb and the remains of more than 100,000 of his descendants. Lying outside the north gate of the temple enclosure… In 2003, the Master Plan for Qufu City was drawn up, and the Regulatory Plan for the Ming City of Qufu was made in 2007, regulating protection of the setting of the property. The Con in ‘Confucius’ represents this surname. He puts the greatest emphasis on the importance of study, and it is the Chinese character for study (or learning) that opens the text. Having been destroyed and reconstructed over the centuries, it now covers 14 hectares, with 104 buildings dating from the Jin to Qing dynasties including the Dacheng Hall, Kuiwen Pavilion and Xing Altar, and over 1,250 ancient trees. Built to commemorate him in 478 B.C., the temple has been destroyed and reconstructed over the centuries; today it comprises more than 100 buildings. Positive evidence concerning the life of Confucius is scanty; modern scholars base their accounts largely on the Analects, a collection of sayings and short dialogues apparently collected by his disciples, and discard most of the later legends. 3. The property boundaries and buffer zone were clearly designated in 1986. Criterion (iv): The Qufu ensemble represents an outstanding architectural complex which demonstrates the evolution of Chinese material culture over a considerable period of time. La petite maison de la famille Kong est devenue une demeure aristocratique gigantesque dont subsistent 152 bâtiments. Confucius was an influential Chinese philosopher, teacher and political figure known for his popular aphorisms and for his models of social interaction. 1. Scholars do not agree on the dating of his birth or the details of his early life however. The Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion were included in the first group of State Priority Protected Sites in 1961 and the property is protected under the Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Cultural Relics. Chinese : variant of Jiang 1. его потомков. Kong Qiu, or Master Kong as he was known, did not live to see his days of glory. WebGL must be enable, Post-Conflict and Post-Disaster Responses, Astronomy and World Heritage Thematic Initiative, Human Evolution: Adaptations, Dispersals and Social Developments (HEADS), Initiative on Heritage of Astronomy, Science and Technology, Initiative on Heritage of Religious Interest, Natural World Heritage in the Congo Basin, Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, Reducing Disasters Risks at World Heritage Properties, World Heritage and Sustainable Development, World Heritage and Sustainable Tourism Programme, World Heritage Centre’s Natural Heritage Strategy, World Heritage Earthen Architecture Programme (WHEAP). El templo, el cementerio y la casa familiar del gran filósofo, polí­tico y pedagogo Confucio (siglo VI a V a.C.) estí¡n situados en Qufu, ciudad de la provincia de Shandong. Danish: nickname from Danish kong ‘king’, or occupational nickname for someone in the service of the king. Systematic periodic and daily monitoring has been carried out, while the complete heritage monitoring system and documentation database of the property are being developed. Great Asia Meet your guide at the lobby of your hotel in Qufu city centre to start this tour in this city known as the hometown of Confucius. Criterion (i): The group of monumental ensembles at Qufu is of outstanding artistic value because of the support given to them by Chinese Emperors over two millennia, ensuring that the finest artists and craftsmen were involved in the creation and reconstruction of the buildings and the landscape dedicated to Confucius. Emperor Xuanzong of Tang first bestowed the title of "Marquis Wenxuan" on Kong Sui of the 35th generation. De tempel werd in 478 voor Christus gebouwd om hem te herdenken, maar werd door de eeuwen heen vernietigd en weer opgebouwd. Through the centuries the Kongs were the guardians of the temple complex and the administrators of the town of Qufu; the 76th lineal descendant of Confucius lived in the town before World War II. Cranky Kong's great-grandfather - Mentioned by Bazaar in DKC3 to have owned an antique mirror. Kong is the family surname of Confucius and his descendants. Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu‎ (3 C, 2 F) Pages in category "Confucius" The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total. Any discussion of the Asian American families one encounters in our literature inevitably confronts the philosophy of Kong Fu Tse, whose name the West latinized as "Confucius" (551 BC- 479 BC); and what is often called the "Confucian family … was een Chinese filosoof en politicus tijdens de Zhou-dynastie (dus nog voor de vorming van het Chinese keizerrijk).Hij wordt gezien als "Wanshishibiao", een voorbeeld voor alle leraren. лет он почитался всеми императорами Китая. They were honored with the rank of a marquis thirty-five times since Gaozu of the Han Dynasty, and they were promoted to the rank of duke forty-two times from the Tang Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty. His father Kong He (or Shuliang He) was an elderly commandant of the local Lu garrison. Confucius has become a larger than life figure and it is difficult to separate the reality from the myth. Built to commemorate him in 478 B.C., the temple has been destroyed and reconstructed over the centuries; today it … Like all the great sages of antiquity, Confucius is now known by his family name Kong plus the title “Zi,” or “Fu Zi,” a term of veneration and … The Qufu complex of monuments has retained its outstanding artistic and historic character due to the devotion of successive Chinese emperors over more than 2,000 years. Traditional Chinese music. –8 C. E.), the theories became the basis of the state ideology, the body of ideas reflecting the social needs of a culture. Небольшой дом семьи Кун превратился в громадную аристократическую резиденцию, от которой сохранилось 152 здания. Criterion (vi): The contribution of Confucius to philosophical and political doctrine in the countries of the East for two thousand years, and also in Europe and the west in the 18th and 19th centuries, has been one of the most profound factors in the evolution of modem thought and government. Ze noemden hem de reus. In this respect, he is seen by Chinese people as the Greatest Master. Source: Dictionary of American Family … وأصبح منزل عائلة كونغ الصغير داراً أرستوقراطيا عملاقاً يبقى منه152 مبنى. The committee is headed by Kong Deyong (who also heads the International Confucius Association) and is supposed to revise the family tree every 60 years, but political events precluded the last scheduled revision. source: UNESCO/ERI The official institution responsible for the protection and management of the property is Qufu Cultural Heritage Management Committee. Confucius was basically a humanist and one of the greatest teachers in Chinese history. ولقد حافظ مجموع نصب كوفو على نوعيّته الفنيّة والتاريخيّة الاستثنائيّة بفضل تفاني أباطرة الصين لأكثر من ألفي عام. Zijn tempel, begraafplaats en familieverblijf bevinden zich in de stad Qufu in de provincie Shandong. Far from trying to build a systematic theory of life and society or establish a formalism of rites, he wanted his disciples to think deeply for the… Interesting Facts about Confucius. His ancestry traced back through the dukes of Song to the Shang dynastywhich had preceded the Zhou. Subsequently expanded, then destroyed again by fire and rebuilt in the late 19th century, it now covers 7 hectares with a total of some 170 buildings. Le temple, le cimetière et la demeure de famille du grand philosophe, politicien et éducateur Confucius (VIe -Ve siècle av. Because of the wide range of texts and traditions identified with him,choices about which version of Confucius is authoritative have changedover time, reflecting particular political and social priorities. Furthermore, the more than 60,000 files and archives of the Ming and Qing dynasties collected in the Mansion not only provide a credible record of all kinds of activities in the Mansion for more than 400 years, but are highly valuable for studying the history of the Ming and Qing period. The descendants of Confucius strictly maintained their family rules and rituals, and the buildings of the mansion were designed with the rules and rituals of the Confucian patriarchal system and ethics in mind. Met zijn 2 meter moet de Chinese filosoof Kong Zi, bij ons beter bekend als Confucius (551-479 v. Cranky's great-grandaunt, she was the one that wrote his spellbook. Following his death, a handful of his dedicated followers passed on Confucius' teachings to future generations in the book, The Analects of Confucius. These documents provide legal, institutional and management guarantees for safeguarding the authenticity and integrity of the property. Het kleine huis van de familie Kong werd uitgebreid tot een enorme aristocratische residentie waarvan nog 152 gebouwen overeind zijn gebleven. الكبير والسياسي والمعلّم كونفوشيوس ( القرن السادس إلى الخامس ق.م ) ومقبرتها ومنزلها a! Et reconstruit au cours des siècles, compte aujourd'hui plus de cent bâtiments he ( or Shuliang he was... A Britannica Membership, https: //www.britannica.com/topic/Kong-family de stad Qufu in de provincie Shandong комплекс памятников в сохранил! Details of his descendants with a Britannica Membership, https: //www.britannica.com/topic/Kong-family born! 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