The French Fourth Republic from 1946 to 1958 was doomed to fail from the start. The new constitution included several revisions intended to ensure a stable government, but it did not resolve the nation’s recurrent cabinet crises. It is typically called the Constitution of the Fifth Republic, and replaced that of the Fourth Republic, dating from 1946. Yet in constitutional terms, the office of the president of the French Fifth Republic holds no substantial power. The French Fourth Republic was the republican government of France between 1946 and 1958, governed by the fourth republican constitution. The aim of this book is to provide the student of French politics with a simple, concise description of the origins and nature of the present constitution of France and with a guide to post-war French … modest one. It was characterized by a weak and decentralized government. Even though, it replaced the catastrophically weak and inefficient Third Republic, it still didn’t have what it needed to succeed. In the Fourth Republic, the Cold War and the difficulties of decolonization inevitably embroiled the president in efforts to find stable majorities in the Assembly. In Article 5 of the constitution, the president is 3, Parliament in ch. The current Constitution of France was adopted on 4 October 1958. The Fourth French Republic (1946-1958) represented the re-establishment of the French republic after World War II (₳|₩).An integral part of the political structure was the French Union under which the states of the French colonial empire (₳|₩) gained a certain level of autonomy under French leadership.. Government [edit | edit source]. Instead, the constituent assembly chose the socialist Félix Gouin to replace him. 13 It is important to remember that in the Constitution itself the order of chapters is quite the reverse: the President of the Republic is dealt with in ch. The Fourth Republic of France: Constitution and Political Parties. By O. R. Taylor. Fourth Republic 1946-1958. France had 26 different governments during the Fourth Republic’s 12-year existence. It was in many ways a revival of the Third Republic that was in place from 1870 during the Franco-Prussian War to 1940 during World War II, and suffered many of the same problems. In 1946, after the war ended, French voters approved the constitution of the Fourth Republic. Neither articles 49 and 50 nor article 89 of the Constitution shall be implemented during the vacancy of the Presidency of the Republic or during the period between the declaration of the permanent incapacity of the President of the Republic and the election of his successor. 4 only. Charles de Gaulle was the main driving force in introducing the new constitution and inaugurating the Fifth Republic, while the text was drafted by Michel Debré. ARTICLE 8 The President of the Republic shall appoint the Prime Minister. Excerpt. The postwar provisional president Charles de Gaulle resigned in 1946, expecting that public support would bring him back to power with a mandate to impose his constitutional ideas. 2, the cabinet in chl. It was in many ways a revival of the Third Republic, which was in place before World War II, and suffered many of the same problems.France adopted the constitution of the Fourth Republic on 13 October 1946. 1958: 5th Republic the Fourth Republic, which would have guaranteed the cabinets a certain time span during which they could not have been overthrown. The Fourth Republic of France existed from 1946-1958 under the fourth republican constitution. Read preview. 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